CHAPTER THREE: THE FUTURE ARCHEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES
[Note: This chapter, and all others in this book, are excerpted from The End of Our Century by Francois Masson, written in 1979-80. It was transcribed from French into English by David Michael Steinberg in 1981 and a publisher was never found. It was finally edited, updated and published on the Internet by David Wilcock in 2001.]
Antediluvian civilizations more advanced technically than our own?
This chapter will take up future archeological discoveries revolutionary in scope. According to Cayce they will come to light soon and will prove the existence of Atlantis and the technical know-how of that civilization, in some ways more advanced than ours.
These discoveries, revealing the true nature of man and his destiny, will cause a deep change in our belief structure.
For these future findings we will abandon the line of inquiry of the Letter to the King that we have followed to its end, and take up the Cayce readings as a basic reference on this subject. Cayce announced the imminence of these discoveries and Nostradamus devoted over a dozen quatrains to these startling finds. One especially, that Nostradamus spends three verses on, must be very important.
Cayce speaks in many psychic readings of finding archives of Atlantis in different spots. As usual, these visions also enlighten us as to the contents of these Temples of Records and the probable year of their discovery.
Again, in figuring the date, we must bear in mind that visionaries in every age, from Biblical times to our day, always seem to describe imminent events, at least in the eyes of a reader who measures time by our brief lifespan. But the seers, obviously in touch with higher spirits for whom time has a different value, speak another tongue.
So when Cayce says, in Reading 2537-1 of July 17, 1941, "These may be found... in a few years from now" it is highly likely that he means a few decades, which is still little in terms of world history.
One thing is sure, Nostradamus places these archeological discoveries at the time of the earth changes, and as the latter seem fast approaching, at least the first ones, the former will probably be made before the turn of the century.
To study this question more easily, we have grouped these new discoveries in two classes, following the apparent meaning of Nostradamus' verses. First we will discuss VIII-66, IX-9, V-66 and II-17 which refer clearly to a single discovery, in an ancient cave under a temple devoted to the Vestal Virgins.
The second group of verses probably speak of different finds and involve the contents of ancient urns. Quatrains I-27, VI-99, VII-14, VIII-56 and IX-7 place the finding of ancient ewers or urns near the Pyrenees, which according to Cayce was the first refuge of the Atlanteans who fled their country before its final destruction.
Let us examine the first series of verses explained by the Cayce readings.
When the inscription D.M. found *
In ancient cave with a lamp uncovered
Law, King and Prince Ulpian tried,
Pavilion, Queen and duke under the cover. VIII-66
*D.M. for Diis Manibus was inscribed on many Roman tombs.
If the second half of this verse is still obscure and may only be understood at the time of the event, or just before, the first part is quite clear: the inscription D.M. will be found in an ancient cave which is a cave "a Lampe" or containing a lamp.
In the next quatrain of this group, Nostradamus speaks clearly of this lamp: it is extraordinary, to say the least.
When the Lamp burning with eternal fire
Will be found in the Temple of the Vestals,
A child found, fire water passing through a sieve
Names to perish in water, the markets to fall in Toulouse. IX-9
Note first of all that this discovery will be made during a great flood that will engulf Nimes and partly destroy Toulose. As we had pointed out, other verses also speak of secrets uncovered by geologic upheavals.
But mainly this verse completes and explains the preceding one: the eternal, undying lamp will be found under the site of an old temple devoted to the Vestals. What is this inextinguishable lamp like? Will it be based on the principle of the atomic pile or rather on a system presently unknown but spoken of in the Cayce readings and by Nostradamus in the following verse?
Under the ancient buildings of the Vestals
Not far from the ruin of the aqueduct.
Are the glittering metals of Sun and Moon
The burning lampe of Trian* of gold plundered. V-68
[*Translator's Note: Possible meanings: Trojan? Trajan?]
This verse confirms and reveals completely the meaning of the two preceding ones. The finding of the burning lamp, the undying lamp found under the "ancient vestal edifices" -- that is, in a temple already ancient consecrated to the Vestals, and that old temple will not be far from a ruined aqueduct.
But Nostradamus adds another detail about the probable operation of the lamp -- it is powered by shining metals, the solar and lunar metals, for the Burning Lamp feeds on, draws from, the golden Trian.
In Nostradamus' day sun and gold had virtually the same meaning. The basic gold piece was the "sol." So the lamp was probably fed by shining "solar metal." Here is Cayce's explanation about these metals:
...When the Poseidian land was the greater in power, when there were the meetings called for those of many lands, to determine means or manners in which there would be the control or handling of the animals that were destructive to many of the lands.
The entity then acted in the capacity of one who guided the ships that sailed both in the air and under water; also was the maker of that which produced the elevators and the connecting tubes that were used by compressed air and steam and the metals in their emanations.
All of these were a part of the entity's experience and development, especially as to things controlled by the facet for the radiation activity from the sun upon metals, and the control of such, as well as the manner of air ships through that sojourn. (2157-1, March 27, 1940)
Cayce speaks clearly of capturing the sun's rays on metals to activate, power and steer the airships of that period. In other readings Cayce speaks at length of this process of harnessing solar energy. We have yet to invent, or re-discover, this revolutionary process.
In many readings Cayce places the main site of the records in Egypt, near the Sphinx, but he also states that records exist in other places. As for Nostradamus, he locates the site, as cited above, in an old cave under an ancient Vestal temple not far from the ruins of an aqueduct.
Since he twice refers to this temple of the vestals, we must examine his language and symbolism to understand his prophecies.
All his verses reveal a thorough familiarity with the Greco-Roman world, which he evidently studied extensively, and his repeated allusion to the temple and building of the Vestals is his clue to us that if we study the symbol of the Vestal Virgins, we will grasp what the discovery is all about.
This find, then, will be under a temple devoted to the keeping of the Sacred Fire, which was the duty of the Vestals in Roman times. What is the Sacred Fire but the science of antiquity, knowledge which must not be allowed to die out.
It is quite possible -- as was done in the Christian era, when churches were built on the foundations of pagan temples -- that the Vestal temples were built on the antediluvian sites where the Sacred Fire was preserved -- records of the holy secrets along with a material proof such as the undying lamp.
(We might add here that the French writer Cyrano de Bergerac (1619-1654) stated that unextinguishable lamps were found in ancient tombs, but that the men of his time, in trying to see what was inside, irrevocably destroyed them.)
[Note: Similar accounts of permanently functioning lamps can be found in Jesus and the Essenes by Dolores Cannon. This was a first-person account of a hypnotic subject who was regressed in real-time back to the Essene community that was responsible for training and teaching Jesus.
Among other valuable and verifiable data points, the subject reported sphere-like balls of crystal that sat atop metallic cylinders, and simply needed to be twisted on their base to give off light. The subject was told that these were remnants of Atlantean technology and that they no longer understood how they functioned.
It is very possible that such technology was used in the building and maintenance of underground chambers, such as those in the Gizeh plateau, that would otherwise be completely dark except for smoky, fallible torches -- and no burn marks are seen on the walls. Certain ancient Egyptian drawings seem to depict such lamps quite clearly. (DW)]
So we should expect this find in the area of the Roman Empire, probably near the Mediterranean.
Here are some of the Cayce readings predicting the discovery of records dating from old Atlantis and he locates it near the Sphinx:
Q 4. In which pyramid or temple are the records mentioned in the readings given through this channel on Atlantis in April 1932? (364 series)
A 4. As given, that temple was destroyed at the time there was the last destruction in Atlantis.
Yet, as time draws nigh when changes are to come about, there may be the opening of these three places where the records are one, to those that are the initiates in the knowledge of the One God:The temple by Iltar will then rise again. Also there will be the opening of the temple or hall of records in Egypt, and those records that were put into the heart of the Atlantean land may also be found here -- that have been kept, for those that are of that group. The records are One." (5750-1, 12 November 1933)
Three other readings mention the eventual discovery of these writings:
...in that land now known as the Egyptian, during those periods when there were the buildings of the various tombs...
The entity was among those that aided in the actual building of some of these buildings that still remain, and in the preparation of that one yet to be uncovered -- the hall of records -- where much may be brought to light. (519-1, 20 February 9934)
...the entity was in the Atlantean land, during those periods when there was the knowledge -- through the teachers or leaders in the Law of One -- as related to the destruction of the Atlantean or Poseidon land.
And the entity was among those who journeyed from Atlantis or Poseidia itself, first to the Pyrenees or Portuguese land and later into what would be called in the present the Egyptian land -- during those periods after the recall of Ra-Ta, when he... attempted to make for a unification of the knowledge. (1486-1, November 26, 1931)
...the entity was the first to set the records that are yet to be discovered, or yet to be had of those activities in the Atlantean land, and for the preservation of the data, that as yet to be found from the chambers of the way between the sphinx and the pyramid of records. (1486-1, November 26 1937)
...in the Egyptian land... The entity was of the Atlanteans who set about to preserve records... the entity came with those groups who were to establish the hall or house of records, and the entity directly or in-directly may be among those who will yet bring these to light... (3575-2, 20 January 1944)
Other readings lead us to believe the records will be found soon:
Before that, the entity was in the Atlantean land, when there were those periods necessitating the exodus because of the destructive forces being used by the children of Belial.
The entity was a priestess in the Law of One, and among those who will come into the Egyptian land, as the elders in those groups for preserving the records, as well as for preserving a portion of that race, that peoples.
With the periods of reconstruction after the return of the Priest, the entity joined with those who were active in putting the records in forms that were partially of the old characters of the Ancient or early Egyptian, and part in the newer form of the Atlanteans.
These may be found, especially when the house or tomb of records is opened, in a few years from now. (2537-1, 17 July 1941)
The entity was in the Atlantean and Egyptian land. The entity was among the children of the Law of One who came into the Egyptian experience for preserving the records...
...became the supervisor of the excavations -- in studying the old records and in preparing and building the house at records for the Atlanteans, as well as a part of the house initiate -- or the Great Pyramid. (2462-2, 19 June 1941)
The entity... aiding the Priest in that preparation, in that manner of building the temples of records that lie just beyond that enigma that still is the mystery of mysteries to those who seek to know what were the manners of thought of the ancient sons who made man -- a beast -- as a part of the consciousness. (2402-2, 16 November 1940)
It would be well if this entity were to seek either of the three phases of the ways and means in which those records of the activities of individuals were preserved -- the one in the Atlantean land, that sank, which will rise and is rising again; another in the place of the records that leadeth from the Sphinx to the hall of records, in the Egyptian land; and another in the Aryan or Yucatan land, where the temple there is overshadowing same. (2012-1, 25 September 1939)
...the entity was in the Egyptian land, among the Atlanteans who came in with those peoples in authority. For, there the entity was one who PERSONALLY cared for the records that were brought by the leaders of that people for preservation in that portion of man's experience in the earth. (2523-1, 1 July 1941)
...the entity made for such experience and expression that these periods of the entity's sojourn then are still preserved in the halls of record there. (1182-1, 1 June 1936)
...it was this entity who was the designer for many of the edifices in Egypt, especially those in which the Atlanteans preserved their records, as well as the record house for the Priest... (3605-1, 21 January 1944)
Another reading gives more precise data on the location of the hall of records and the kind of information stored there.
The entity Hept-supht led in the keeping of the records and the buildings that weren't in their respective actions or places of activity at this time.
This was in the period, as given, of 10,500 years before the entering of the Prince of Peace in the land to study to become an initiate in or through those same activities that were set by Hept-supht In this dedicating ceremony.
Q 2. Give in detail what the sealed room contains.
A 2. A record of Atlantis from the beginnings of those periods when the Spirit took form or began the encasements in that land, and the developments of the peoples throughout their sojourn, with the record of the first destruction and the changes that took place in the land, with the record of the sojournings of the peoples to the varied activities in other lands,
and a record of the meetings of all the nations or lands for the activities in the destructions that became necessary with the final destruction of Atlantis and the buildings of the pyramid of initiation, with who, what, where, would come the opening of the records that are as copies from the sunken Atlantis, for with the change it must rise (the temple) again.
This in position lies, as the sun rises from the waters, the line of the shadow (or light) falls between the paws of the Sphinx, that was later set as the sentinel or guard, and which may not be entered from the connecting chambers from the Sphinx's paw (right paw) until the time has been fulfilled when the changes must be active in this sphere of man's experience.Between, then, the Sphinx and the river. (378-16, 29 October 1933)
In all his readings, Cayce named Egypt as the main place for finding the Atlantean records, but he also speaks, though less often, of other spots where they may have been kept.
Making archives to preserve the memory of Atlantis seems to have been a major concern of all the refugees, whether they went to Yucatan, Gobi, Indochina or the Pyrenees and Portugal.
Although we cannot be absolutely sure, Nostradamus' Vestal temple is probably related to the Atlanteans who fled first to the Pyrenees and Quatrain II-17 makes us believe it:
The field of the Vestal Virgin's temple
Is not far from Ethene and the Pyrenees
The great conduit* is hidden in a trunk
NORTH jettison river and vines matinees. II-17
[Translator's Note: *or the great one conducted (led, transported).]
This verse seems to refer to the same Vestal Temple as those previously cited and it places it towards Ethene and the Pyrenees. But what is Ethene, Athens? "Le grand conduit" could be a large tunnel, but what does "hidden in a trunk" mean?
The end of the quatrain is still more bizarre: "North jetty flow" is quite odd; the only connection possible is with North, the English Prime Minister from 1770 to 1782, who imposed the Tea Tax, leading to the dumping of tea into the Charles River in Boston -- but what are the "vignes matinees"?
Could this be an allusion to Vinland of the Vikings, discovered around B.C. 1000 and located somewhere between Nova Scotia and the present Hudson River?
"Vignes matinees" in Old French means "mongrel" or hybrid vines, thus the cross-bred vines of America.
Nostradamus has used elsewhere the same system of designating lands -- it is nearly certain that this verse with North thrown in the river and hybrid vines creates a link between the finding of the vestal temple near the Pyrenees and the USA, especially its cradle, the Boston region.
Still, this verse remains quite obscure and the nature of this connection escapes us.
This Quatrain II-17 is typical of Nostradamus' obscurity, but the author still believes that it is related to the archeological discovery, for other more explicit verses name the Pyrenees as a likely site of further discoveries:
The learned enemy will turn confused
The great camp sick and defeated by ambush
Pyrenees mountains and Poenus refused to him
By the river discovering ancient urns. VI-99
Once again we find the Pyrenees in a context mentioning antique discoveries, and urns or amphorae. But what is Peonus --Phoenix, Arizona? Cayce speaks in a reading given below of that part of the U.S. once having been a refuge for Atlanteans. There are two allusions to the present U.S.A.: North and Phoenix, but it is really hard to grasp the meaning.
Before that we find the entity was in the land now known as Yucatan, when there were those establishings in the land from the Atlanteans.
The entity was in the temples, set as the recorder, in the name then Arsth. In the experiences there were those periods of dissension with those in authority when they were the decisions of most of the peoples to join with the movement in what is now portions of Arizona.The entity chose to remain in the experiences there. Records may eventually be discovered again. (5245-1, 3 June 1944)
To all the preceding, add Quatrain III-14 which seems to describe our times:
He will come to expose false topography
The urns of the tombs will be opened
Sects and holy philosophy multiply
Black for white and new for old. III-14
We find here the pullulation of sects and the holy philosophy that marks an epoch ripe for religious change, which would put the opening of the antique pitchers sometime before the end of our century; the rest of the quatrain remains quite obscure.
Before studying Quatrain VIII-56 and others which may denote an entirely different discovery, here are the Cayce readings on the settlement of the Atlanteans in the Pyrenees and their final destruction by the African invaders.
Before that the entity was in the Egyptian land, but of the Atlantean peoples, when there was the exodus from Atlantis to what is now the Spanish or Pyrenees land, and then to Egypt.With the establishing of the coalition between the Egyptians and the Atlanteans, the entity -- with those of Atlantis who had been in authority who cane to the Egyptian land -- eventually aided in those activities as relating to the preparation of individuals -- or the vocational activities for all the varied groups of peoples during that period. (2916-1, 11 February 1943)
Before that we find the entity was in the land that has been called the Atlantean, during those periods when there was the breaking up of the land and there had been the edict that the land must be changed.
The entity was among those that set sail for the Egyptian land, but entered rather into the Pyrenees and what is now the Portuguese, French and Spanish land. And there still may be seen in the chalk cliffs there in Calais the activities, where the marks of the entity's followers were made, as the attempts were set with those to create a temple activity to the follower of the Law of One....the entity may be said to have been the first to begin the establishment of the library of knowledge in Alexandria, ten thousand three hundred before the Prince of Peace entered Egypt for his first initiation there. (315-4, 18 June 1934)
...in the Atlantean land... For it was the entity that received the message as to the needs for the dividing of the children of the Law of One for the preservation of the truths of same in other lands. Hence we find the entity was among those who were as the directors of those expeditions, or the leaving for the many varied lands just before the breaking up of the Atlantean land.
Hence the entity outlined in the most part, it might be said, the expedition guided by Ax-Tell and the ones to the Pyrenees and to the Yucatan and to the land of Og...
Later, with the revivifying of the Priest in Egypt, the entity was among those who set about the unifying of the teachings of the Atlanteans, the Egyptians (as they would be called today), the Indian, the Indo-Chinan, the Mongoloid and the Aryan peoples.
All of those were the activities of the entity, for he was the messenger and the message-bearer -- or the means through which transmissions of activities were set up. (1681-1, 7 Sept 1938)
The entity was among those who came into the Egyptian FROM the Pyrenee land; and hence came with the latter portion of those from the Atlantean land. (1458-1, 15 Oct 1937)
Before that we find the entity was in the Atlantean land, when there was the breaking up of the isles and it had been given out that those who would or were to be saved must journey forth to the various centers to which the leaders had been given the passports.
The entity was among those who came first to what is now the Pyrenees, and later to the activities -- after they had been set up years before -- in the Egyptian land. (633-2, 26 July 1935)
Beforethat the entity was in the Egyptian land, when there were those turmoils and trials, when there was the returning of the Priest...
The entity was acquainted and associated with the Priest, as well as those banished with the Priest; also the activities with the King as well as those in authority from the Atlantean land.
In Atlantis the entity learned the most, but in Egypt was the greater period of activity -- in the compiling of data. And portions of that as may yet be uncovered in the pyramids will be found to have been put there by the entity -- It-Ao. (2823-1, 26 September 1942)
...the entity was among the Atlanteans who first came to Egypt...
So the entity journeyed then to what is now a portion of Portugal, or in the Pyrenees, where a portion of its own groups from the Atlantean land set up a form of worship and a temple activity. And the entity aided in those things pertaining to the particular decorations in the temple. (1123-1, 19 February 1936)
Before that the entity was in the Atlantean land, in those periods when there were the preparations resulting from those activities and disputes between the children of the Law of One and the sons of Belial so that the various groups were sent to the varied lands.
The entity was among the children of the Law of One -- the mathematician, the one who made preparations for those journeys through the air to the Pyrenees; later, with those establishings of the activities in Egypt, the entity took residence there; being associated with Ajax or Ax-Tell.
...the entity made measurements for some of those activities that brought about the buildings in parts of the Nile, as to make for the governing of the waters of same.
These activities brought fame... (2677-1, 27 Jan 1942)While many of the people changed to the Egyptian land, the entity in the name Armath, remained in the Pyrenean areas and there established those tenets and truths that aided much until hordes from the African land brought destruction to those peoples. (3541-1, 10 January 1944)
Before that the entity was in the Atlantean land when there were those breakings up of the land, and the entity was with many of those that went to the land now known as or called the Spanish land.
As for this last reading, there is a trace of these distant times and it is in Alsace. In-depth research on the name "Vosges," the mountain chain that borders the Alsatian plain, reveals that the Vosges were an ancient tribe who lived in what is now Basque country and were driven out by invaders from the south.
Now, on some of the Vosgean peaks are circles of hewn stone called "pagan walls" whose age and origin are unknown. But in one of these spots, the boulders are marked by holes of a regular shape that look at first like boreholes.
But these have a particular diamond shape and the holes are drilled in a helical path like a corkscrew! What kind of tool could make such holes and what was their purpose? The author has seen them at a place named Taennchel.
Now here are the rest of the verses mentioning the finding of treasures (in the archaeological sense).
Beneath the oak of Guien struck by lightning
Not far from there is hidden the treasure
Which for many centuries will have accumulated,
Found he will die his eye pierced by a spring. I-27
The standard interpretation of this verse is "near a blasted oak bearing mistletoe a treasure will be found." But the word Guien begins with a capital which should put us on our guard and "chaine" is not the usual spelling for oak (chene) and could mean chain, so the location of the find is quite obscure, but the rest of the quatrain is clear enough.
"A treasure hidden for centuries will be found, unhappily the finder will die his eye pierced by a spring." Booby-trap or accident? The treasure guarded by a trap is typical of the Egyptian style used to protect the tombs of the Pharaohs.
Whoever opens the discovered monument
And does not close it up promptly
Evil befall him and cannot prove
If it is better to be Briton or Norman King. IX-7
This verse again stresses the danger of opening these tombs; the last lines remain obscure.
Finally, let us quote quatrains VIII-56 and VIII-29 which will close this series. (There are also three quatrains about finding the tomb of a great Roman, but they do not seem related to those we are discussing.)
The weak band will occupy the land
Those of high places will make horrible cries
The big herd to be corner will disturb
Tomb near D. nebro* discovered the writings. VIII-56
[*The Ebro river in Spain flows from the Pyrenees.]
The first three lines are completely unintelligible but the last again mentions a tomb with writing; and oddly, we again meet up with capital D as in D.M. scripture. Wait.
At the fourth pillar devoted to Saturn
Split by earthquake and flood,
Under Saturn's building an urn is found
Of gold Capion taken and then given back. VIII-29
Again it's about an urn found under a building consecrated to Saturn and this will be uncovered by an earthquake and flood. What is the Capion gold to be stolen and returned? Is it connected with the Trion gold mentioned earlier? Mystery.
But what emerges from almost all the verses about these discoveries is that they will take place during a troubled period, politically and geologically. Here again we find the Cayce readings announcing the discovery of ancient Poseidia as a result of submarine upheavals.
A LITTLE SPECULATIVE DETOUR
Since we have talked so much about the American Cayce, we cannot resist the temptation of answering Nostradamus' detractors who reproach the latter with having completely ignored the major role that the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. played in the 20th century.
First, let them look at the ten quatrains about the "hesperiques," which many commentators compare to the U.S.A.; in Greek mythology the Hesperides was the country with the garden of golden apples, thus the land of riches, and it was located to the west of Europe across the sea. So the verses about the Hesperides really concern the U.S.A.
To these, the author thinks he can add II-17 with NORTH and VI-99 with Poenus, but there is a better one yet, almost impossible to locate outside the U.S.: the word Buffalore which seems typically American. Quatrain VIII-12:
Will appear near Buffalore
The tall highborn one entered into Milan
The Abbot of Foix and those of St. More
Will commit crimes dressed as peasants.
This verse is quite clear and surely pertains to our immediate future. We already know who St. More is: Thomas More or Morus, Henry VIII's chancellor who opposed the king on theological issues at the time of the Reform and was beheaded in 1535 on the king's order.
He was thereupon canonized by the Catholic Church. He is as we mentioned the author of Utopia, which describes in detail a holistic communism, a book constantly republished and always timely.
What can we infer from interpreting this quatrain? Probably during the next war involving Italy, an abbot from the town of Foix in France, together with the communists will engage in some illegal action dressed as farmers and this will take place near Buffalo, a great industrial city on the Great Lakes near the U.S.-Canadian border.
An abbot is a cleric of a certain rank, the St. More party are Marxist-communists; "faire la forbe" in Old French is to commit a low, hateful deed involving lying, and a "villain" in medieval times meant a poor laborer.
The kind of action they will do is therefore clear: during future Italian conflicts, maybe after a communist triumph in Milan, an abbot from Foix will join with the communist-Marxists to foment an action, probably subversive, near the city of Buffalo; the action will be odious and treacherous and the perpetrators will be dressed as poor laborers.
And then there is Quatrain X-79, mentioning, notably, Memphis:
The old roads will all be improved
They will go to a place like Memphis
The great Mercury of Hercules fleur de lis
Making land, sea and country tremble.
The first idea the name Memphis brings to mind is Egypt, but -- apart from the fact that Nostradamus, when referring to antiquity, always spoke of Greco-Roman history, almost never of Egypt -- this verse is in a particular context, following directly from X-72.
"The Great Mercury of Hercules fleur de lis" an obvious allusion to the Great King of Angoulmois, the fleur de lis being the symbol of the French kings, and "making land, sea and country tremble" reminds us of the King of Terror who will come from the sky after Mars to reign by happiness.
Now "the old paths embellished" always means an age of peace and felicity and these paths will pass by Memphis. This verse really involves the city of Memphis, Tennesee, despite the uncertainty as to the nationality of this Hercules, this great King of Terror.
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